Industrial ink comes in a variety of pigments and dyes that are used across multiple industries all over the globe.
When speaking of dyes, they are coloring, aromatic, ionizing compounds used in several applications across diverse industries.
Dyes are used carefully because some are often toxic and associated being carcinogenic, though they have traits suitable to for adapting to different substrates. Dyes are used in industries like cosmetics, plastic, rubber, cement, medicine, textiles, paper, and more. A few of the varieties of industrial dyes are used for the following.
- Digital textile printing – Digital printing is controlled by computer programs that control the charged drums or ink-jet nozzles, whichever is part of the system. Commonly used dye types include acid inks, reactive inks, dye-based inks, and disperse inks. The substrates most used with digital textile printing include photo paper, plastic, standard paper, cloth, and other like substrates.
- Sublimation – Sublimation dyes are used in inkjet inks, laser toner, and thermal transfer ribbons. They are applied through the heat-transfer process. The primary types include disperse, acid, reactive, direct, and vat.
- Leather – Leather dyes are used in tanneries and come in about 50 to 100 different types of leather dyes. The dye types include acid, direct, mordant, basic, and reactive dyes to name a few.
- Optical Brighteners – Optical brighteners are also referred to as optical agents and are dyes that fit into the ultraviolet and violet spectrum. Because of its toxicity, it’s not suitable for use in water, like in aquariums.
These are the basics of types of dyes and their uses in the industrial inks industry.
Pigments are used in colouring paints, cosmetics, edibles, inks, and other like industrial inks. There are a variety of pigment types available for several industries and applications. The following will cover these basics.
- Organic – Organic pigments contain solid particles that are insoluble in their application’s medium. Synthetic and natural are the two main types of pigment dyes. They are used for coating and coloring applications, both for protective and decorative purposes, on candles, plastics, paper, rubber, pharmaceuticals, and others.
- CLC – CLC stands for Cholesteric Liquid Crystal and are made from CLC films. These are used in security applications to deter counterfeiting currency, passports, legal documents, and other security-related purposes.
- Ultramarine – Ultramarine pigments are inorganic, non-irritating, and non-poisonous in nature. This is one of the oldest types of pigments. There are two varieties of ultramarine pigments: 1) ultramarine violet and 2) Ultramarine blue. These pigments are used for artistic coloring, cosmetics, coating, coloring, and printing applications.
- Fluorescent – Fluorescent pigments change ultraviolet light into a desired color. They play a role in forming the important element of all types of fluorescent materials. These types of pigments are used for solvent-based paper coatings, paints, aerosol coatings, and textiles.
These are the primary varieties of dyes and pigments you’ll find in the industrial inks sector. Manufacturers, pharmaceuticals, legal, creative, health and beauty, food, and other industries rely on these industrial inks, dyes, and pigments for tracking, identification, decoration, and security measures.